The Fata Morgana and Optistar binoculars represent a distinctive, interesting, and enduring binocular development. This design was invented by Alfred Baumann of Kölnische Straße 4, Cassel Germany in 1919, who applied for a U.S. patent July 28, 1919 #313,961 and was granted an optical instrument patent  Nov. 15, 1921 #1,397,156. He applied for French patent June 10, 1919 granted Jan. 1921 # 518,603. He applied for a British patent Aug 28, 1919 and it was granted Sept 30 1920 #151,452. Alfred Baumann also filed for a US trademark of the name “Fata-Morgana” for opera glasses, field glasses etc. # 120,983 July 28, 1919, claiming use of the name for optical goods since “early in 1919”, per the Official Gazette of the US Patent office, Vol. 283 No 1 of Feb 11, 1921. Baumann was  operating as Optische Werke Alfred Baumann & Co in 1920. The 4x Fata Morgana and 6x Optistar binoculars were believed also marketed by the firm August Fϋllgrabe of Cassel Germany (Kassel after 1926). Ninety years later, these binoculars still occasionally turn up in Germany, France, Austria, England, the USA, Switzerland, Ireland, Canada, Italy, Poland ,Uruguay, Australia & New Zealand and elsewhere. These unique binoculars would have been well known to anyone in the optics trade in Germany at the time. The optics are really surprisingly good, especially for the time period.

Text Box:  VINTAGE MINIATURE BINOCULARS

Japanese External Reverse Porro Prism Binoculars. VIRTUAL MUSEUM

A selection of 1920’s Fata Morgana and Optistar binoculars made in Cassel, Germany. Collection of Mark Ohno

MOST PHOTOS  MARK OHNO

MARK OHNO

Ca 1920’s Optistar 6x binoculars sn 41431

Origin: Cassel, Germany. Binoculars Sourced in Germany. Collection of Mark Ohno

Text Box: 4x
Text Box: 6x
Text Box: Comparison of an early Fata Morgana 4x and Optistar 6x (4x is on top and at 
right). Vergleich Eines jüngeren Fata Morgana 4x Fernglases mit einem Optistar 6x Fernglas (das Fata Morgana Fernglas ist das obere bzw. rechte Fernglas).
Text Box: Optistar Miniature Binoculars
 Optistar Miniatur Fernglas. Optistar Jumelles Miniatures. 
 Optistar Миниатюрные бинокль. Optistar ミニチュアの双眼鏡. 
 Optistar Prismáticos en Miniatura. 
Text Box:  Fata Morgana and Optistar Miniature Binoculars
 Fata Morgana Miniatur Fernglas und Optistar Miniatur Fernglas. Fata 
 Morgana Jumelles Miniatures et Optistar Jumelles Miniatures. Fata 
 Morgana Миниатюрные бинокль, Optistar Миниатюрные бинокль. Fata 
 Morgana Prismáticos Chapado en Oro. 
Text Box:  The Fata Morgana Name
  Ursprung des Namens Fata Morgana. Le 
  Nom de Fata Morgana. мя Fata Morgana.
  La Fata Morgana Nombre.

It could be said that Alfred Baumann started the practice of giving these small binoculars interesting and imaginative names with the “Fata Morgana” . The Fata Morgana is an optical mirage caused by temperature inversion, where a second inverse image is created. The phenomenon is believed to be named for Morgan Le Faye, a character of Arthurian legend (Geoffrey of Monmouth, “Historia Regina Britannae” circa 1138). Morgan, also called Morgana, was a “fay”, or sorceress. The optical phenomenon was certainly attributed to magical influences throughout much of human history.

Morgan La Faye casting a spell

in Frederick Sandy’s 1864 painting of the same name.

Text Box:  Fata Morgana & Optistar Binoculars:  Known Serial Numbers
 Dokumentierte Seriennummern von Fata Morgana und Optistar Ferngläsern. Les Jumelles Fata Morgana et Optistar: Numerós 
 de Serie Connus.  Fata Morgana И Optistar бинокль: известных серийных номеров. 12 Бинокли распространение в 
 Соединенных Штатах и в Мексике. Fata Morgana  y Optistar Prismáticos : Documentado Números de Serie. 
Text Box: Fata Morgana binoculars
Fata Morgana Fernglas. Les Jumelles Fata Morgana. Fata Morgana Миниатюрные бинокль. Fata Morgana Prismáticos.

Serial # 520 (pin & slot, sil) Tatzenkreuz embossing collection of Jack Kelly, USA

Serial # 680 (pin & slot, sil) Tatzenkreuz embossing collection of Mark Ohno, USA

Serial # 6322 (pin & slot, blk) collection of Mark Ohno, USA

Serial # 8383 (VK, sil, WP) straw pattern embossing, w/lorgnette handle.  Mark Ohno, USA

Serial # 9532 (VK, blk) WP) auctioned Norway 9/2013

Serial # 9585 (config. NA) observed private collection

Serial # 9755 (config. NA) list of Dr Hans Seeger, Hamburg, Germany

Serial # 9804 (VK, blk, WP) collection of Imperial War Museum, UK

Serial # 10539 (VK, silver, WP) circle pattern embossing , collection Ted Brink, Holland

Serial # 11019 (VK, blk, WP) collection of Nico Westphal, NL

Serial # 11271 (VK, blk, WP ) collection of Mark Ohno, USA

Serial # 11900 (VK, blk, WP ) auctioned UK 5/2013

Serial # 12144 (VK, blk, WP ) auctioned UK 3/2014

Serial # 12278 (blk) list of Dr Hans Seeger, Hamburg, Germany

Serial # 12691 (VK gilded, WP) w/ lorgnette handle  collection of Mark Ohno, USA

Serial # 14133 (CHK, blk, WP) w/ lorgnette handle  collection of Mark Ohno, USA

Serial # 14211 (config. NA) private collection

Serial # 14420 (gilded, WP) list of Dr Hans Seeger, Germany

Serial # 14441 (blk) collection of Mark Ohno, USA

Serial # 14971 (CHK gilded, WP,) w/ lorgnette handle collection of Ron Rosen, USA

Serial # 14985 (CHK, gilded, WP) collection of Melanie Willis, USA

Serial # 15084 (CHK gilded, WP,) w/ lorgnette handle , auctioned Spain 8/2013

Serial # 15105 (CHK, gilded, WP) collection of Mark Ohno, USA

Serial # 15286 (gilded,WP) auctioned in UK 2011

Serial # 15504 (CHK, blk, WP) collection of Nico Westphal, NL

Serial # 16794 (config. NA) auctioned Ebay 2007

Serial # 17218 (CHK, blk, WP) collection of Mark Ohno, USA

Serial # 17360 (CHK, blk, WP) collection of Mark Ohno, USA

Serial # 17976 (blk) list of Dr Hans Seeger, Hamburg Germany

Serial # 18366 (CHK, blk, WP) autioned Germany 9/2013

Serial # 18671 (CHK, gilded) collection Nico Westphal, NL

Serial # 19208 (blk, WP) collection of Leitz Museum, Germany

Serial # 19503 a(blk, WP) Auctioned Ebay 2013, UK

Serial # 20524 (CHK, gilded, WP) auction Germany 10/2012

Serial # 20850 (CHK, blk, WP) auction Germany 4/2013

Serial # 20873 (CHK, blk, WP) collection of Ulrich Zeun, Germany

Serial # 20950 (config NA, blk) collection of Günter Kampf, Germany

Serial # 20955 (blk, WP) collection of Mark Ohno, USA

Serial $ 21905 (config NA) auctioned USA Nov 2012

Serial # 22421 (CHK, gilded WP) collection of Mark Ohno, USA

Serial # 23261 (blk) list of Dr Hans Seeger, Hamburg, Germany

Serial # 24604 (NP, guilded, ) list of Dr Hans Seeger, Germany

Serial # 24687 (gilded, WP) list of Dr Hans Seeger, Germany

Serial # 24744 (gilded) list of Dr Hans Seeger, Hamburg, Germany

Serial # 24792 (gilded) list of Dr Hans Seeger, Hamburg, Germany

Serial # 24897 (BE, NP, VK, blk), Ebay Germany (Bayern Fürth)1/2014

Serial # 25071 (BE, NP, VK, blk), blk collection of Mark Ohno, USA

Serial # 25490 (config NA) auction USA 1/2012

Serial # 25261 (config NA ) offered at auction Michigan, USA, 2012

Serial # 25419 (config. NA) auctioned Ebay 2008

Serial # 25490  (BE, NP, VK ,blk) collection of Nico Westphal, NL

Serial # 25585 (config. NA) private collection

Serial # 25708 (config. NA) list of Dr Hans Seeger, Hamburg, Germany

Serial # 25804 (BE, NP, blk) collection of Mark Ohno, sourced Prague Czech Republic

 

Serial number block believed not to exceed 30000 (Ultramar documented at 30063)

No Serial no/ very late (BE, NP, blk) Prinzess private brand collection of Mark Ohno, USA

Text Box: Optistar Binoculars
Optistar Fernglas. Les Jumelles Optistar.
Optistar Миниатюрные бинокль.
Optistar Prismáticos.

Serial # 38597 (BE NP) collection of Ulrich Zeun, Germany

Serial # 39519 (BE NP)  collection of Nico Westphal, NL

Serial # 39552 (BE NP) collection of Mark Ohno, USA

Serial # 41292 (BE, NP) collection of Mark Ohno, USA

Serial # 41314 (BE, NP) collection of Ron Rosen, USA

Serial # 41431 (BE, NP) collection of Mark Ohno, USA

Serial # 41534 (NA) auction UK 6/2013

Serial # 41692 (NA) auction Germany

Serial # 41892 (BE,NP) auction Germany 1/2013

Serial # 42144 list of Dr Hans Seeger, Hamburg, Germany

Serial # 42473 (BE, NP) collection of Nico Westphal, NL

Serial # 42556 list of Dr Hans Seeger, Hamburg Germany

Serial # 42784 (BE, NP) collection of Mark Ohno, USA

Serial # 43295 (BE, NP) collection of Nico Westphal, NL

Serial # 43820 (BE, NP) Ecker private brand  Mark Ohno, USA

 

Serial numbers are a key element in analyzing design and production changes and evolution, and gaining insight into the quantities produced. Serial numbers are often assigned in a “block” to a model, and do not necessarily start at “1”, though these probably did.

     Optical

fata morgana

Based on lowest and highest observed serial numbers in this small sample, production of Fata Morgana binoculars exceeded 25,124 units.

Based on lowest and highest observed serial numbers in this small sample, production of Optistar binoculars exceeded 5,223 units .

Text Box: Fata Morgana
Observed Serial #141330 - #22421
Cross hatch knurl & pin on ring
Text Box: Fata Morgana
Observed Serial #8383 - #12691
Vertical knurl & pin on ring
Text Box:  Fata Morgana Eyepiece 
Design & Production Evolution
Text Box: Prinzess
One piece bakelite
eyepiece / focus assy, cross hatch knurl 
No serial #
Text Box:  Fata Morgana Distribution in the USA and Mexico
  Vertrieb von Fata Morgana Ferngläsen in den USA und Mexico. Reparations de Jumelles Fata Morgana aux  Etats-Unis et 
 au Mexique. Fata Morgana Бинокли распространение в Соединенных Штатах и в Мексике. Fata Morgana Prismáticos 
 Distribución en los Estados Unidos y México

Gilded pair of brass 1920’s Fata Morgana 4x 12 binoculars,

Engraved with owner’s name. Probably brought from Europe.

Origin: Cassel, Germany.

Collection of Melanie Willis , USA

Photos courtesy Melanie Willis

Text Box: Gilded Fata Morgana Binoculars
 Vergoldetes Fata Morgana Fernglas.  Jumelles Fata
 Morgana Plaquèes Par Or.  Позолоченное Fata Morgana 
 Бинокль.  Fata Morgana  金めっきされた双眼鏡. Fata  
 Morgana Prismáticos Chapado en Oro. 
Text Box: Fata Morgana
Observed Serial #14133 - #22421
Cross hatch knurl & pin on ring

CHK-Cross Hatch Knurl     VK-Vertical Knurl     WP-With Pins       NP-No Pins     blk-black    sil-silver  NA-Not Available                                BE-Baklite one piece Eyepiece     

                                (approximate translation)

“Get a copy of our Fata Morgana prism binoculars / Several new patents registered / a wonderful bright opera and travel binocular/ Carefully manufactured of first class material./ Warranted/ Is the smallest and lightest binoculars/ 92mm greatest diameter for Your Pocket/ Only 75 grams / 4 power magnification/ Field of View 20 meters at 100 meters/ each eyepiece and the papillary distance is adjustable. Price 75 francs/ You secure a copy immediately at the FATA MORGANA COMPANY. Biel 12, shipping cash on delivery or postal check or advance payment. Biel 1 VA 1024 “

Text Box:  Fata Morgana Binoculars with Handle,1919 Swiss Ad
 Jumelles Fata Morgana Avec Poignée, 1919 Annonce Suisse. Fata Morgana Fernglas 
 mit Griff, 1919 Schweizer-Anzeige.  Fata Morgana Бинокль с ручкой, 1919 года 
 швейцарский реклама. Fata Morgana Prismáticos con Empuñadura, Anuncio de  
 Suiza 1919.

Dec 1919 Swiss newspaper advertisement suggests initial production was around the end of 1919, which matches the patent filings, and the trademark claims that the use of the name started in early 1919

If my math is correct, by changing 1919 Swiss francs to 1919 US dollars, and then changing 1919 US dollars to 2010 US dollars, the price was around $181.26 in equivalent 2010 US dollars

Original Optistar pasteboard box. Collection of Mark Ohno. Box sourced in Germany.  (Optistar Originalkarton)

When you bought an “A.B.C.” “Optistar” prism 6x binoculars in the early to mid 1920’s, “the exquisite sport, travel and marine binoculars”, this is what you received. Even by today’s standards, these are an appealing, attractive, well designed and are a well made pair of binoculars that are a pleasure to use. Collection of Mark Ohno, binocular serial # 42784. Binocular & Case sourced in the United States, Box sourced in Germany .

Text Box: Fata Morgana binoculars with celluloid opera glass handles. Though a less common model, it is what the lady is holding in the 1919 advertisement.

Note lack of “ABC” Logo in drawing

Photo courtesy of Marc

in Montevideo Uruguay

Photo courtesy of Ron Rosen

Collection of Ron Rosen, USA

Gilded Fata Morgana binoculars with lorgnette handle (Fata Morgana Fernglas mit vergoldetem Griff)

Text Box:  Two Earliest Known Fata Morgana Binoculars (serial # 520, & #680)
  Die Ältesten Bekannten Fata Morgana Fernglässer mit Tatzenkreuz, Seriennummer 520 und 680. Les Toutes 
  Premiers Jumelles Fata Morgana , Numéro de Serie 520 et 680. Два первых известных Fata Morgana бинокль. 
  Серийный номер 520 и 680.  Dos de los Primeros Prismáticos Conocido FM : Número de Serie 520 y 680.

Pending future discovery, these two pairs of Fata Morgana binoculars are currently the earliest known surviving examples (serial numbers 520 and 680), and they have a number of interesting features that are not found on other known examples. I believe these were probably manufactured in 1919. They lack the ABC marking found on all other documented Fata Morgana binoculars, but the ABC is also absent in the 1919 Swiss advertisement. On these binoculars the barrel of the objective lens pack fouls the prism covers, requiring a relief cut. Later examples changed the geometry so that the barrels have enough clearance. These Fata Morgana binoculars have a hand stamped design embellishment all over of the Tatzenkreuz (foot cross), or Cross Pattée (footed cross), sometimes also known as the “iron cross” or Eisernes Kreuz after the German WWI and WWII military honor medal of that design. (nearly five and a half million German iron cross medals were estimated awarded in WWI). In 1919 the recent war was an all pervasive influence in Germany. Approximately 13.4 million Germans served in the military, or 20% of the total population. Germany had 5 million military casualties and 2.1 million military deaths. Personal items commemorating WWI in some way are common, and incorporating the Tatzenkreuz or Eisernes Kreuz is very common on German items. But the symbol was also a generic Christian religious symbol associated with the Knights Templar, and something sold in the US in 1919 decorated this way would not necessarily have been associated with the German medal (as would certainly have been the case within Germany). Focus is accomplished on these binoculars by sliding a pin in an angled slot, to cam the diopter in and out of its barrel. Later models internally work in a similar fashion, but use a focus ring and pin, and the ring is much easier to grasp while looking through the binoculars. It is quite difficult to get a finger on the pin and slide it while viewing on these early models. With neck string these binoculars weigh 76.5 grams, close to the 75 grams claimed by the advertisement, and is reflective of their (unpainted) aluminum construction. By comparison, the gilded Fata Morgana of brass construction binoculars weighs a hefty 150 grams. By sometime in 1920 a revised focus mechanism with ring was pictured, so these binoculars are probably from1919, the  first year of production.

Circa 1919 Fata Morgana

4x binoculars, serial number 680, Origin: Cassel, Germany.

Binoculars Sourced in England Collection of Mark Ohno , USA

Photos Mark Ohno

Focus mechanism of pin and

slot to cam internal  diopter

in and out.

Relief clearance cut into the  objective barrel.

The 1919 advertisement clearly shows the  pin and slot focus mechanism, and also shows lack the ABC emblem, so it is reflective of the configuration found on binocular serial # 680

Text Box: Fata Morgana
Observed Serial 
#680 - #6322
Pin plus slot

German WWI Iron Cross Medal

Collection Mark Ohno

Deutscher Militärorden  „Eisenkreuz” im 1 Weltrieg. Sammlung von Mark Ohno

Text Box:  Ecker Marked Optistar 6x Binoculars (serial # 43820)
  Optistar Fernglas der Schweizer Marke von „Ecker Luzerne” (Seriennummer 43820).
  Jumelles Optistar— Marqué de Distributeur Ecker Luzern, 43820.  Ecker отмечен Fata  
  Morgana бинокль. Серийный номер 43820. Ecker Marcado Prismáticos 6x Optistar, Número 
  de Serie 43820.

W. (William) Ecker of Kapellplatz 10 Luzern (Lucerne) Switzerland was a photographic supply co. and Opticians They appear in 1913 and 1922 directories by Karl Baedeker covering Switzerland, Italy, Savoy, Tyrol, & Chamonix. The firm is known to have branded opera glasses, barometers, thermometers and similar items with their name. It seems to indicate the first distributor branding of this type of miniature binoculars. The firm Ecker AG still occupies Kapellplatz 10, 6004 Luzern Switzerland in 2012. Pending (probable) future discoveries: this is one of the only two known examples of a private branded Fata Morgana or Optistar binocular (the other being the Prinzess Fata Morgana variant), and is the latest documented Optistar binoculars to be manufactured according to the serial number.

Ecker Luzern private branded Optistar 6x binoculars

Origin: Cassel, Germany.

Binoculars Sourced in England

Collection of Mark Ohno

Text Box:  Black Fata Morgana 4x Binoculars with Opera Glass or Lorgnette Handles
 (serial number #14133).Fata Morgana 4x Fernglas mit Schwarzem Handgriff (Seriennummer 14133.      
 Jumelles Fata Morgana Noires Avec Manches de Lorgnette de Spectacle, Numéro de Serie 14133. Черный Fata 
 Morgana бинокль с телескопической ручкой. Серийный номер 14133. Negro FM Prismáticos con una Empuñadura, el  
 Número de Serie 14133.

Black Fata Morgana 4x binoculars with telescoping handle.Fata Morgana 4x Fernglas mit Handgriff (Schwarz)

Origin: Cassel, Germany. Binoculars Sourced in United States Collection of Mark Ohno

Black Fata Morgana binoculars with opera glass or Lorgnette telescoping folding handles. The handle uses an adaptor plate to attach to frame of the binoculars. Pending (probable) future discoveries: this the only known example in black with black handle, otherwise similar to the guilded Fata Morgana with handles. Presumably only a small portion of Fata Morgana production included handles, but since the 1919 ad shows a lady with Fata Morgana binoculars with handles this must always have been an intended model.

William Ecker

     in 1925

Kapellplatz 10, Lucerne (2012)

Black Fata Morgana 4x binoculars with Lorgnette handle

Fata Morgana Fernglas mit Griff (Schwarz)

Text Box:  Silver color Fata Morgana 4x Binoculars with Opera Glass or Lorgnette  
 Handles (serial number #8383), & Straw Pattern Decoration
 Silberfarbendes Fata Morgana 4x Fernglas mit Opernglas nebst Griff (Seriennummer 8383) sowie Strohmusterdekoration 
 Jumelles Fata Morgana en Aluminum—Motif de Paille—avec Manches de Lornette de Spectacle. Серебристый Fata Morgana 
 бинокль с ручкой и соломы оформление.Серийный номер 8383. Prismáticos Fata Morgana Color Plata, con una Empuñadura, el 
 Número de Serie 8383, con Decoración de Paja.

Silver (aluminum) Fata Morgana 4x binoculars Lorgnette handle and straw pattern decoration, Fata Morgana Fernglas mit Griff (Silber) Mit Muster von Stroh

Origin: Cassel, Germany. Binoculars Sourced in United States

Collection of Mark Ohno

Fairly early production (serial no 8383) silver (unpainted aluminum?) Fata Morgana binoculars with opera glass or lorgnette telescoping celluloid faux ivory folding handles, and with a “straw pattern” embossed design. The handle uses an adaptor plate to attach to frame of the binoculars. Pending possible future discoveries: this the only known example of a silver color Fata Morgana with handle, and the only known Fata Morgana binocular with this pattern of embossing, and the second oldest documented surviving Fata Morgana binocular, and the only Fata Morgana binocular observed with the serial number on a prism cover rather than stamped into the frame. As found, it is missing 2 prism covers and one prism, probably reflecting a botched repair attempt. Both oculars were seized, one or the few Fata Morgana or Optistar binoculars I encountered with that issue.

It took around 9 months of research to find it, but the reward was this advertisement run in 1921 and 1922 in the somewhat obscure Optical Journal and Review of Optometry which reveals the US and Mexican distribution channels for the Fata Morgana binoculars.  And in the 1922 Popular Mechanics magazine.

1922 Popular Mechanics advertisement for Fata Morgana

Text Box: Fata Morgana Observed  Serial #25071 - #25804
One piece bakelite
eyepiece / focus assy, vertical knurl

The location of the German Optical distributor on 960 Market St in San Francisco that was the sole distributor for the Fata Morgana binoculars in the US in 1920/1921 was a defunct luggage shop in 2011.

Text Box:

960

Der Name „Ecker” auf einem Optistar Fernglas.

Die Geschichte von Miniaturferngläsern in Deutschland.

L'histoire des jumelles miniatures en Allemagne.

De geschiedenis van piepkleine verrekijker in Duitsland.

イツの小型双眼鏡の履歴

Historien om miniatyr kikare i Tyskland.

La historia de los binoculares en Alemania en miniature.

Истории о миниатюрных бинокль в Германии.

Η ιστορία των μικροσκοπικών κιάλια στη Γερμανία.

Almanya'da ilgili geçmişi minyatür dürbünler.

La storia in miniatura binocolo in Germania.

Die Geschichte von Miniaturferngläsern in Deutschland.

L'histoire des jumelles miniatures en Allemagne.

De geschiedenis van piepkleine verrekijker in Duitsland.

イツの小型双眼鏡の履歴

Historien om miniatyr kikare i Tyskland.

La historia de los binoculares en Alemania en miniature.

Истории о миниатюрных бинокль в Германии.

Η ιστορία των μικροσκοπικών κιάλια στη Γερμανία.

Almanya'da ilgili geçmişi minyatür dürbünler.

La storia in miniatura binocolo in Germania.

1919 Swiss Advertisement for Fata Morgana binoculars showing handle.

Anzeige in der Schweiz, die im Jahre 1919 Fata Morgana Fernglas mit einem Griff zeigt.

Fokussieren Sie Mechanismus der Stange und Schlitz bewegt den internen Diopter

focus ring

EARLIEST FATA MORGANA DOCUMENTED TO DATE

Circa 1919 Fata Morgana 4x binoculars, serial number 520 Origin: Kassel, Germany.

Collection of  Jack  Kelly, USA

Photos courtesy  of Jack Kelly

Ältestes dokumentiertes Fata Morgana Fernglas um das Jahr 1919, Seriennummer 520. Herkunft: Kassel, Deutchland.  Sammlung von Jack Kelly, USA. Fotos im Eigentum von Jack Kelly.

Using Fata Morgana binoculars

Ein Fata Morgana Fernglas im Gebrauch.

Jumelles Fata Morgana en cours d’utilization.

            Using Fata Morgana binoculars

Unter Verwendung der Fata Morgana-Ferngläser.

Jumelles Fata Morgana en cours d’utilization.

Using Extended handle.

Collection of Mark Ohno

Handle extended.

Fata Morgana 4 x reverse poro prism miniature binoculars invented by Alfred Baumann in 1919 were produced in a variety of styles

Text Box:  Fata Morgana Miniature Binoculars
 Fata Morgana Miniatur Fernglas. Fata Morgana Jumelles
 Miniatures. Fata Morgana Миниатюрные бинокль
 Fata Morgana. ミニチュアの双眼鏡. Fata Morgana   Prismáticos en Miniatura.

Typical late production Fata Morgana 4x Binoculars.

Serial number 25071.

Collection of Mark Ohno

Text Box: 4 x

Typical mid production Fata Morgana 4x Binoculars. Serial number 17360.

Collection of Mark Ohno

Typical mid production Fata Morgana 4x Binoculars. Serial number 1444.

Collection of Mark Ohno

DEUTSCHER URSPRUNG DES MINIATURFERNGLASES

Les origines de l'Allemand jumelles miniatures

Истоки немецкий миниатюрный бинокль

Los orígenes del alemán prismáticos en miniatura

ドイツのミニチュアの双眼鏡の起源

Text Box:   MINIATURE BINOCULARS WEB SITE VIEW COUNT UPDATED 4/04/2014: 2,226,817 PAGE VIEWS