Words About Binoculars You May Encounter. Wörter über Ferngläser, die Sie Treffen Können. Mots sur les Jumelles que Vous Pouvez Rencontrer. Слова о биноклях, которые вы можете встретить. あなたが遭遇するかもしれない双眼鏡についての言葉. Ord om Kikare du Kan Möta . Woorden Over Een Verrekijker die u Misschien Tegenkomt. Palabras Sobre Prismaticos con los que Puede Encontrarse. Parole sul Binocolo Che Potresti Incontrare.

“BaK4”:  type of Barium Crown glass used for prisms. From German word “Baritleichkron”. See page INTRODUCTION #1 .

“BaK7”: type of Barium Crown glass used for prisms. From German word “Baritleichtkron”. “See page INTRODUCTION #1 .

“Blickwinkel”: German word for “angle of view”, usually followed by degrees of angle

“Gesichtfeld””: German word for “field of view”, usually followed feet at 1000 yards, or meters at 1,000 meters

“Kabushiki–Kaisha or K.K. ”: Japanese Rōmaji word for “company/corporation”

“Kōgaku”: Japanese Rōmaji word for “optical”

“Kōgyō”: Japanese Rōmaji word for “industries

“Leichtmetall”: German word for light alloy metal, such as aluminum or zinc alloys

“M Type”: Mikron Type (compact porro prism with prisms configured so objectives are closer together than oculars)

“Mehrfach Vergütet”: German for “multi coated” [optics]

“Optique Traitée”: French for “coated optics”

“Seisakujo” Japanese Rōmaji word for “factory”

‘Tag-Nacht” German for “day-night”

“Traitement Multicouche”: French for multicoated [optics]

“Vergütete”: German word for “coated”

“Vergütete Optik”: German phrase for “coated optics” or “coated lenses”

“Voll Vergütete”: German phrase for “fully coated”

“WaA(plus number)” German army 20th military inspection code/ Waffenamt (not on civilian or Japanese binoculars)

“Weitwinkel”: German word for “wide angle”

Binoculars Abbreviations Database (Not Companies). Fernglas: Datenbank der Abkürzungen (Nicht Firmen). Jumelles: Base de Données d'Abréviations (Pas d'Entreprises). Бинокль: база данных сокращений (не компаний). 双眼鏡:略語 のデータベース(会社ではない. Kikare: Förkortningsdatabas (Inte Företag). Verrekijker: Database met Afkortingen (Geen Bedrijven). Binoculares: Base de Datos de Abreviaturas (No Empresas). Binocolo: database di abbreviazioni (non aziende).

A is rubber A rmored

AFOV is A ngular F ield o f V iew

AG is A r g entium coated prisms

AL is Aluminum Alloy

AR Coated is A nti R eflection Coated

ARD is A nti R eflective D evice (such as KillFlash® objective screens)

AaF is Barium Flint Glass

BaLK/BaCL Schott/Hoya names for Light Barium Crown Optical Glass

BaK/BaC Schott/Hoya names for Barium Crown Optical Glass from Ba ritleich k ron

BaK4/BaC4 Schott/Hoya names for Barium Crown Optical Glass type 4

BaK7/BaC7 Schott/Hoya names for Barium Crown Optical Glass type 7

BaSF/BaFD Schott/Hoya names for Dense Barium Crown Optical Glass

BCF is B ausch & Lomb type configuration/design C enter F ocus

BGA is B ausch & Lomb type rubbered G ummi a rmerung [German for rubber armor]

BI is B rightness I ndex

BIF is B ausch & Lomb type eyepiece I ndependent F ocus

BK7 Borosilicate Crown Glass

CPO Japanese export only marking

D is D ach [German designation for roof prism]

DCF is D ach [German designation for roof prism] C enter F ocus

ED is E xtra-low D ispersion glass

EP is a Japanese export only marking

FC is F ully C oated lenses

FL is F lourite or Flouride coated L enses

FMC is F ully M ulti C oated lenses

F.O.V. is F ield O f V iew

GM is G u m mi a rmerung the G erman word for rubber Armored

H are H -body type roof prism binoculars

HD is H igh D efinition as a performance description

I.F.C. is I ndependent F ocus C oated

I.F. Coated is I ndependent F ocus Coated

IPD is I nter p upilary D istance

I.S. is I mage S tabilizing

I.S.B. are I mage S tabilized B inoculars

JTII is J apan T elescopes Inspection I nstitute (passed stickers and hand tags)

LRB is L aser R angefinder B inoculars

LW is L ight W eight

MC is M ulti C oating or M ulti C oated lenses

M.C.F. is M icron design C enter F ocus [reverse porro prism design]

MG is Magnesium alloy

M.I.F . is Mi cron [design] I ndependent F ocus [reverse porro prism design]

M.L.C. is M ulti L ayered C oating 

MOA is M inute o f A ngle

M TYPE is M icron (or M ikron) Type (compact porro prism)

NVB is N ight V ision B inoculars

NVD is N ight V ision D evice

OD is O bjective D iameter

RBI is R elative B rightness I ndex

RF is R ange F inder or R ange F inding (including stadia grid)

SMC term for fully multi coated optics

SOA is S econd of A ngle

SWA is S uper W ide A ngle

W is W ide Angle

WA is W ide A ngle

WF is W ide F ield

UCF dual axis poro prism binoculars

VM is V ariable M agnification

WFMC is W ide F ield M ulti C oated

WP is W ater p roof

XW is E x tra W ide Angle

XWA is E x treme W ide A ngle

ZCF is Z eiss [ design] C enter F ocus

ZIF is Z eiss [ design] I ndependent F ocus

miniature binoculars website Text Box: VINTAGE MINIATURE BINOCULARS

Japanese External Reverse Porro Prism Binoculars.  Binoculars MUSEUM

 

- GERMAN ORIGINS #1

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- INTRODUCTION #1

- INTRODUCTION #2

- DISTRIBUTION #1

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- JB JE MFGR. CODE LIST

- TRADEMARKED LOGOS

Binoculars: Some Musings about Size and Magnification . Ferngläser: Einige Gedanken über Größe und Vergrößerung. Jumelles: Quelques Réflexions sur la Taille et le Grossissement. Бинокль: некоторые размышления о размере и увеличении. 双眼鏡: サイズと倍率について. Kikare: Vissa Museringar om Storlek och Förstoring. Binoculares: Algunas Reflexiones Acerca del Tamaño y la Ampliación. Binocoli: Alcuni Musing Circa Dimensione e Ingrandimento.

All people have inherent preconceived patterns of thinking, which we apply to our expectations. This allows to make useful suppositions about new things in our interactions with the world. For example we generally expect larger to equal more powerful. Bigger animal, bigger truck, bigger piece of equipment, bigger gun: our expectation is that substantially bigger probably means more powerful. As this is often the case, the assumption is reinforced. For plumbing pipe and optics a bigger diameter does usually result in more flow (liquids in the first instance and light/image transmission for the latter). But while it may seem counter intuitive, with binoculars and with optics, the relative size and length are not particularly accurate indicators of relative power (magnification). We have an odd relationship regarding the appeal of binoculars, because they offer a mechanical enhancement of one of our most developed primary senses (sight). They create an improved version of ourselves with greater ability, and this results in some singular behaviors in our interactions with binoculars. For example if you set out a pair of binoculars, it is almost as if people can’t resist picking them up and looking through them, even when there is nothing to look at, or when it is by people with so little interest in binoculars that they do not to know which end to look through, and also by people who own binoculars and have no logical need or expectation of reward in peering through every random pair they encounter. I have around 1,400 pairs of binoculars and still have to stop myself from reflexively picking up and looking through junky binoculars of no real interest that I encounter. By comparison if you put out a pair of scissors people have comparatively little compulsion to “try them”. To give another example, if you hand people a pair of binoculars with a smile without saying anything, most people will reflexively look through them (even strangers). Hand them some other object and they just ask questions: “Why are you handing me this?” “What is this for?” “Who are you?” Anyway before you run around trying behavioral experiments, lets have some visual fun with how the size of binoculars has little relationship to their magnification in a way that shows off interesting non miniature binoculars in the collection (that the website is not really about) by comparing them to miniature Japanese binoculars ) Die Größe des ein Fernglas ist nicht zwangsläufig ein Indikator für die Leistung der Vergrößerung. Auf dem Foto alle Ferngläser haben die gleiche Vergrößerung.  La taille d'une paire de jumelles est pas nécessairement révélateur de leur puissance de grossissement. Sur la photo toutes les jumelles ont le même facteur de zoom. Размер бинокль не обязательно свидетельствует о их увеличение. На фото все бинокль имеют то же увеличение. El tamaño de un par de binoculares no es necesariamente indicativo de su ampliación en la foto todos los prismáticos tienen la misma ampliación. La dimensione di una coppia di binocoli non è necessariamente indicative del loro ingrandimento.

Selection of Military binoculars

Various binoculars including miniature binoculars that have exactly the same 7x power or magnification. Front Row Left to Right: Japanese civilian market 7x18 CF reverse porro prism miniature binoculars. Second Row L-R: WWII British Barr and Stroud CF41 7x 50 IF military property broad arrow marked Naval binoculars with internal filters and desiccant ports; British Barr and Stroud mid century 7x50 CF civilian binoculars without filters (Barr and Stroud is a manufacturer in Scotland); and WWII BEH Leitz German military Kreigsmarine Naval 7x50 IF (Schnellboot /E boat/ fast boat and U-boat/ submarine) rubber armored naval binoculars with desiccant ports. All binoculars are the same 7 power magnification. Alle Ferngläser sind die gleichen 7-facher Vergrößerung. Toutes les jumelles sont les mêmes 7 grossissement. Все бинокли же увеличение 7 мощность. すべての双眼鏡は、同じ 7 の拡大である. Alla kikare är samma 7 power förstoring. Todos los binoculares son la misma ampliación de potencia 7.

All b inoculars: collection of Mark Ohno. With reference assistance from “Militärische Ferngläser und Fernrohre in Heer , Lufwaffe und Marine” by Hans Seeger. (excellent German/English bible of military binoculars).

Group of military binoculars

More binoculars including miniature binoculars that are the same 7x power. Front Row left to right: Cricket 7x18 IF binoculars; Muse Tokyo 7x15 IF  binoculars; Windsor 7x18 IF binoculars; Yoshida Thorobred 7x18 IF binoculars. Second Row L-R: 1943 military NIL (Nottingham Instruments Ltd) #5 Mk IV 7x50 IF binoculars with DD/ broad arrow Australian Dept of Defense property marks; 1943/1944 BLC code/Carl Zeiss Jena 7x50 IF Dienstglas military Kreigsmarine Naval binoculars with special eyecups and long eye relief for gas mask use; 1970’s Avimo British military L11A1 7x42 IF binoculars; WWII BLC code/Carl Zeiss Jena Dienstglas military 7x50 IF binoculars. Third Row L-R: WWII RL/Ross London #5 MkIV 7x50 IF military binoculars with desiccant caps; transitional Nippon Kogaku marked plus Nikon marked 7x50 IF rubber armored civilian binoculars; 1968-1981 NVA Nationalen Volksarmee 7x40 IF German rubber armored military binoculars with IR/ infra red illumination detector. All binoculars are the same 7 power magnification. Alle Ferngläser sind die gleichen 7-facher Vergrößerung. Toutes les jumelles sont les mêmes 7 grossissement. Все бинокли же увеличение 7 мощность. すべての双眼鏡は、同じ 7 の拡大である. Alla kikare är samma 7 power förstoring. Todos los binoculares son la misma ampliación de potencia 7 All binoculars collection of Mark Ohno

More binoculars including miniature binoculars that have exactly the same 7x power or magnification. Front Row left to right: Japanese civilian market Sakura 7x18 IF binoculars; Japanese civilian market Empire 7x25 CF binoculars, Japanese civilian market SunScope 7x18 binoculars. Second Row L-R: WWII German Military BLC code/Zeiss Dienstglas military U-Boat (specific model for that use) 7x50 binoculars with desiccant ports; Dutch made Swedish military property marked Nedinsco Venlo Nedelta post war 7x50 Søartilleriet (Artillery) binoculars “marine-tjenestekikkert” (navy service binoculars) with dessicant ports; pre-1950 Nikko Novar (Nippon Kogaku pre-Nikon) 7x49 binoculars. Third row L-R: US Military Fujinon M22 7x50 binoculars from a Northrup Grumman military contract with laser protection coating & stadia & issue Tenebraex/Armament technologies killFlash ARD anti reflection objective screens; civilian Fujinon 7x50 military spec binoculars, German civilian Dr Wohler Kassel Steptonar 7x50 binoculars; U.S. civilian Bausch & Lomb 7x35 binoculars. All binoculars are the same 7 power magnification. Alle Ferngläser sind die gleichen 7-facher Vergrößerung. Toutes les jumelles sont les mêmes 7 grossissement. Все бинокли же увеличение 7 мощность. すべての双眼鏡は、同じ 7 の拡大である. Alla kikare är samma 7 power förstoring. Todos los binoculares son la misma ampliación de potencia 7. All binoculars collection of Mark Ohno

WWII Flak binoculars

More binoculars including miniature binoculars that have exactly the same 12x power or magnification. Counterclockwise from lower left: Japanese civilian market Super Zenith 12x25 CF; WWII German Military 12x40 binoculars normally attached to Flak and Artillery Range Finding units; Japanese civilian market Lieberman & Gortz (UK brand of importer Headquarter & Supply)12x50 CF binoculars. All binoculars are the same 12 power magnification. Alle Ferngläser sind die gleichen 12-facher Vergrößerung. Toutes les jumelles sont les mêmes 12 grossissement. Все бинокли же увеличение 12 мощность. すべての双眼鏡は、同じ 12 の拡大である Alla kikare är samma 12 power förstoring. Todos los binoculares son la misma ampliación de potencia 12. All binoculars collection of Mark Ohno

Military flak and armored vehicle binoculars

More binoculars including miniature binoculars that have exactly the same 10x power or magnification. Front Row Left to right: WWII German military Flakernrohr 10x80 antiaircraft binoculars with CXN code for E. Busch Rathenow with internal filters and with proper cradle and turntable; WWII German Dienstglas military 10x50 BEH code /E. Leitz binoculars; Japanese civilian market TOA Optical Co. 10x20 CF binoculars; WWII German Dienstglas military 10x50 BLC code/Zeiss binoculars; Japanese civilian market Super Zenith 10x20 CF binoculars; Second Row : British Military No 2 Mk 1 AFV (Armored Fighting Vehicle) 10 x 40 periscope binoculars. All binoculars are the same 10 power magnification. Alle Ferngläser sind die gleichen 10-facher Vergrößerung. Toutes les jumelles sont les mêmes 10 grossissement. Все бинокли же увеличение 10 мощность. すべての双眼鏡は、同じ 10 の拡大である. Alla kikare är samma 10 power förstoring. Todos los binoculares son la misma ampliación de potencia 10. All binoculars collection of Mark Ohno

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