Exercito Brasileiro Army of Brazil D.F Vasconcellos Industria Brasileira Pioneiro 6x30 Military Binoculars made in Brazil

As WWII mobilization contracts preempted the exportation and supply of military optics from traditional suppliers like Germany, the UK, and the USA (for the second time in 40 years), other countries viewed developing a domestic military optics industry as being in the nation’s strategic interest (Just as Japan had done immediately after WWI). D.F. Vasconcellos Industria Brasiliera was founded in Sao Paulo Brazil in April 1941, and it’s first decade was devoted exclusively to producing military optics, such as my 6x30 Brazilian Army marked binoculars in it’s DFV and Exercito Braziliero marked case. After 1951 D.F. Vasconcellos added civilian optics, and then in 1962 they branched into surgical microscopes, and now they specialize in microsurgery optical instrumentation. The “ A ” and flaming bomb presumably indicates ordnance (artillery) division intended usage.

Exercito Brasileiro Brazilian Army D.F. Vasconcellos Industria 6x30 military Binoculars.
D.F. Vasconcellos Industria 6x30 Brasillansk arme militar kikare. 
D.F. Vasconcellos Industria 6x30 militarfernglas de brasilianischen armee.
D.F. Vasconcellos Industria 6x30 jumelles militares de l'armee Bresilienne.
D.F. Vasconcellos Industria 6x30 binoculares militares del ejercito Brasilieno.
D.F. Vasconcellos Industria 6x30 prismaticos militares del ejercito brasilieno.
D.F. Vasconcellos Industria 6x30 Brasilliansk arme kikare.
D.F. Vasconcellos Industria 6x30 binocolo dell'esercito Basiliane.

Czech Optikotechna P ŕ erov 8x30 Military Binoculars with Reticule

My 8x30 military binoculars carry the OP logo of Optikotechna P ŕ erov. Since this firm was nationalized in 1946, and according to a 2010 Meopta presentation was renamed Meopta in 1946, I believe these binoculars must predate 1943. I believe 670 was their model number for 8x30 binoculars with reticule/ ranging grid. Optikotechna P ŕ erov was founded in 1933, and then became a subsidiary of Zbrojovka Brno in 1935, and was a major supplier to the Czech army and a supplier to other armies (including Sweden) After 1939 the company produced only military optics, including binoculars, ZF4 rifle scopes, periscopes, & range finders. It was then under German control during the occupation of Czechoslovakia, so WWII Optikotechna binoculars produced after 1943 under the German occupation would have carried only the d.o.w. German wartime manufacturer code.

Czech Optikotechna Prerov 8x30 military binoculars
Optikotechna Prerov 8x30 jumelles milkitares.
Optiikotechna Prerov 8x30 militarfernglas
Optikotechna Prerov 8x30 binoculares militares.
Optikotechna Prerov 8x30 militar kikare.
Optikotechna Perov 8x30 binocolo militare.
Optikotechna Perov 8x30 militaire verrekijker.

“OP” logo

Text Box: VINTAGE MINIATURE BINOCULARS

Japanese External Reverse Porro Prism Binoculars. WEBSITE MUSEUM

OTHER BINOCULARS #9 & OPTICAL SIGHTS (MOSTLY MILITARY)

 

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- INTRODUCTION #1

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Ex é rcito Brasileiro Army of Brazil Czech made Optikotechna P ŕ erov 8x30 Military Binoculars made in Czechoslovakia.

Optikotechna Prerov 8x30 Brazilian army military binoculars Exercito Brazileiro.
Optikotechna Prerov 8x30 jumelles militaires de l'armee Bresilienne.
Optikotechna Prerov 8x30 militarfernglas de Brasilianischen Armee.
Opiktotechna Prerov 8x30 binoculares militares del exercito Brasileno
Opyikotechna Prerov 8x30 prismaticos militares del exrcito Brasiliano.
Optikotechna Prerov 8x30 binocolo militare dell'esercito Brasiliano.
Optikotechna Prerov 8x30 Brasillansk arme militara kikare Exercito Brazileiro.
Optikotechna Prerov 8x30 binocolo militare dell'esercito Brasiliano.
Optikotechna Prerov 8x30 miliraire verrekijker van het Braziliaanse leger.
Optikotechna Prevov 8x30 den brasilianske haerens militaere kikkert.
Optikotechna Prevov 8x30  lornetka wojskowa armil Brazylijskiej.
Optikotechna Prerov 8x30 Brazilsky armadni vojensky dalekohled.
Optikotechna Prerov 8x30  Brasilian armeijan likkert exercito Brasileiro.
Optikotechna Prerov 8x30 Brazilijas armijas militarais binoklis.
Optikotechna Prerov 8x30 Brazilijos armijos kariniai ziuronai.

My 8x30 Brazilian Army / Ex ér cito Brasileiro military binoculars carry the OP logo of the Czech optical firm Optikotechna P ŕ erov. Since this firm was nationalized in 1946, and also according to a 2010 Meopta presentation it was renamed Meopta in 1946, I believe these binoculars must predate 1943. I believe that 680 is their model number for 8x30 binoculars without reticule/ ranging grid. More information on Optikotechna P ŕ evov binoculars appears with the binoculars below.

Strange and Unusual ! Carl Zeiss Jena Binoct ?? Perhaps Marketing sample 7x50 binoculars

Carl Zeiss Jena Binoct binoculars (Ross).
Carl Zeiss Jena Binoct jumelles (Ross).
Carl Zeiss Jena Binoct fernglas (Ross).
Carl Zeiss Jena Binoct binocolo (Ross).
Carl Zeiss Jena Binoct binoculares (Ross).
Carl Zeiss Jena Binoct prismaticos (Ross).
Carl Zeiss Jena Binoct kikkert (Ross).
Carl Zeiss Jena Binoct verrekijker (Ross).
Carl Zeiss Jena Binoct kiiikarit.
Carl Zeiss Jena Binoct 7x50 kikare.
Carl Zeiss Jena Binoct 7x50 dylbi.
Carl Zeiss Jena Binoct 7x50 dvogled.
Carl Zeiss Jena Binoct 7x50 dalekohled.
Carl Zeiss Jena Binoct 7x50 binoklis.
Carl Zeiss Jena Binoct 7x50 ziuronai.
Carl Zeiss Jena Binoct 7x50 lornetka.
Carl Zeiss Jena Binoct 7x50 binoclu.
Carl Zeiss Jena Binoct 7x50 durbun.
Carl Zeiss Jena Binoct 7x50 ong nhom.

When I encounter a product that appears factory produced but whose configuration & markings are inconsistent with known production, I think marketing prototype. The reason that I think this is that as a former product engineer, product line director, marketing director, marketing VP, and sales rep at 4 companies I probably had 100 examples of non standard product (prototypes and mockups ) made for me with non standard designs, colors, features, markings, logos, and also had existing products re-branded: and their purpose was to measure distributor/market demand at trade shows; as samples for potential contracts; for field trials; as sales samples, etc.: of items which did and did not proceed to production. And I probably watched colleagues have 1,000 prototypes made. Real example: I had a meeting with the head of the NY state prison system with a prototype, and then ran a successful field trial of 2 functional prototype body orifice contraband metal detecting chairs as proposed prison equipment at two New York state prisons. And then New York, Ct., and other state and federal prison systems purchased them for their maximum and medium security prisons. I still have those two prototypes. If someone looked at them they might say “the co. never made them that way”, because those two trial prototypes differed in ways to the production models. They were factory made, factory marked, functional, but not standard production: only field trial prototypes. For every product ever manufactured, various prototypes were made, plus prototypes and mockups were also made for millions of products being considered for marketing/production or applying for patents. Most are destroyed as useless, but some just get taken home, like I sometimes did. When I had prototypes made, they did not normally get a serial number because they were not part of a production, except when mandated by law (firearms), which like military contract guns would get a different serial number from regular production. I have a collection of prototypes including stuff I wasn’t involved in, including one of the world’s larger collection of factory made salesman sample cut away padlocks and locks. My point is that for me Zeiss markings and a seemingly unknown Zeiss product name (“Binoct”) on Ross or NIL No 4 or No 5 pattern binoculars (a Steplux variation), with no serial number (both Zeiss and Ross/NIL always had serial numbers) and with no sign of ever having had any other markings, to me suggests being a prototype made at some factory. I know that when WWII ended Ross was desperate to find sales markets, but the only country whose consumers had lots of disposable income and big demand for binoculars was the USA. But there was no consumer market demand in the USA for Ross brand binoculars. But the US government had widely advertised during the war that they needed Zeiss binoculars to be donated to the US military, and they were one of the most desired soldier bring back items, so everybody knew Zeiss binoculars were desirable. The idea of Carl Zeiss Inc (independent US importer) or another importer/distributor exploring the feasibility of Zeiss branded Ross/NIL binoculars for the wealthy and binoculars hungry post war US market seems a logical probability to me, but it is just educated conjecture.

Zeiss marked binoculars are on the left side. Naval pattern (added red naval desiccation ports) Ross No 5 Mk 4 binoculars are on the right.

In support of my speculation (these being a Zeiss branded Ross factory made importer sample and not an end user fake) and contrary to what one might suppose, in the immediate post war period neither of the two surviving Zeiss named entities (in East & West Germany and with both making Zeiss logo marked binoculars) apparently had any trademark rights to Zeiss name/ Zeiss logo use on binoculars. The West German Zeiss entity apparently obtained a West German trademark 641728 registered June 20 1953 for West Germany. The West German Zeiss entity applied for a US trademark (for “Carl Zeiss” plus rectangle or segmented rectangle with one or more curved sides) Dec 10,1953 in the USA (but did not make any claim of any priority date activity in US commerce for prior to 12/10/53), and it appears their trademark registration was not granted until Oct. 5 1971/ #0921537. The West German Zeiss entity obtained a “Carl Zeiss Jena” logo design as a UK trademark registered May 20,1971/#975176). So I believe both Zeiss and non Zeiss affiliated entities had a legal right to have manufactured/imported/marketed a Zeiss logo but non Zeiss associated binocular, as my Carl Zeiss Ross binoculars may be a sample of, in the US prior to 1953, and probably in the US and the UK up to 1971. Separately, there is evidence that various importers had non Zeiss manufactured Zeiss marked binoculars made, but those looked as much like Zeiss models as possible, with Zeiss logos and with the standard Zeiss model names on them, because the intent was certainly intended to deceive customers with them. And apparently Zeiss at one point had binoculars contract made in Japan, widely proclaimed as being fake Zeiss binoculars, until evidence apparently surfaced that they were actually contracted for by Zeiss.

NIL Nottingham Ind Ltd naval binoculars

Jules Huet & Cie 16x40 British Military marked binoculars documented first sold in Argentina

My Jules Huet & Cie. 16x40 binoculars are marked as originally having been sold at retail by the optical shop G. Catton Optico , 531 C .(Calle) Pellegrini, Buenos Aires (Argentina). (This firm is documented as a seller of optical goods in the 1914 United States Bureau of Foreign & Domestic Commerce Directory). These binoculars are also British War Office broad arrow property marked, This is not actually an ownership contradiction, as in WWI and WWII in order to meet military binoculars shortages, the UK widely solicited donation of decent civilian binoculars, which if accepted into military service, would have received government property markings such as these.

Jules Huet & Cie 16x40 British military marked binoculars.
Jules Huet & Cie 16x40 l'armee britannique a marque des jumelles.
Jules Huet & Cie 16x40 Britisches militar markiertes fernglas.
Jules Huet & Cie 16x40 binoculares marcados por el ejercito britanico.
Jules Huet & Cie 16x40 Britse militaire gemarkeerde verrekijker.
Jules Huet & Cie 16x40 Brittisk militar markt kikare.  
Jules Huet & Cie 16x40 Ingilz ordusa durbun isaretli.
Jules Huet & Cie 16x40 Britisk militaer marterede kikkert.
Jules Huet & Cie 16x40 a Brit hadsereg tavesovet jelolt.
Jules Huet & Cie 16x40 Britannian armeijan merkityt kiikarit.
Jules Huet & Cie 16x40Britu kariuomene pazymejo ziuronus.

“Suppliers to the ministry of war” logo.

1944 WWII Indian army No. 2 Mk. II x6 binoculars made by IndianOrdnance Factory in Calcutta

North Korean 8x30 army KPA/ Korean Peoples Army 8x30 binoculars made in North Korea DPRK/ Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea

I.O.F. Indian Ordinance Factory Indian Army No.2 Mk.II military binoculars.
I.O.F. Indian Ordnance Factory No.2 Mk.II jumelles milirtaires de l'arnee Indienne.
I.O.F. Indian Ordnance Factory No.2 Mk.II militarfernglas der Indischen armee.
I.O.F Indian Ordnance Factory No. 2 mk. II binoculares militares del ejercito Indio.
I.O.F. Indian Ordnance Factory No.2 Mk. II Indiska armens militara kikare.
I.O.F. Indian Ordnance Factory No. 2 Mk. II binocolo militare dell'esercito Indiano.
I.O.F. Indian Ordnance Factory No.2 Mk. II militaire verrekijker van het Indiase leger
I.O.F. Indian Ordnance Factory No.2 Mk.II den Indiske haerens militaere kikkert.
I.O.F. Indian Ordnance Factory No.2 Mk.II lornetka wojskowa armii Indyjskiej.
I.O.F. Indian Ordnance Factory No.2 Mk.II Indicka armada vojenske dalekohledy.
I.O.F. Indian Ordnance Factory No.2 Mk.II den indiske haers militaere kikkert.
I.O.F. Indian Ordnance Factory No.2 Mk. II Indiai hadsereg katonai tavcsovei.
I.O.F. Indian Ordnance Factory No. 2 Mk.II Intian armeijan kiikarit.
I.O.F. Indian Ordnance Factory No.2 Mk. II binoculos militares do exercito Indiano
I.O.F. Indian Ordnance Factory No.2 Mk.II Indijas armijas militaraisbbinoklis.
I.O.F. Indian Ordnance Factory No.2 Mk.II Indijos armijos kariniai ziuronai.

It is my understanding that the Mathematical Instrument Office ( M.I.O. ) established the Indian Ordnance Factory ( I.O.F ) in Calcutta India in 1941 to produce Artillery directors, binoculars, and prismatic compasses. And from April 1941-August 1945 the I.O.F. `produced 17,724 No 2 6x30 binoculars, including my 1944 example. The broad arrow over “ I ” is the Indian government property mark. (Information credits Frank Flagorio, William Reid). The S arrow S is not proven, but is plausibly an Indian Signals Squadron marking (speculative).

The Google Translate Ap on my phone interprets this as “Chosun Pyongyang” under the factory logo. Additional info sought?

Miniature.binoculars@

gmail.com.

It impressed me that my North Korean KPA/ Korean Peoples Army 8x30 binoculars were obviously designed for easy field servicing: they were probably one of the easiest to disassemble and work on of any full size binoculars I have encountered. (I had to clean and recollimate mine). I believe my binoculars post date the Korean war/ post 1953. I have found little public information on North Korean optical industries, and would welcome further insights that viewers might be able to provide to miniature.binoculars@gmail.com.

U.S. Army WWII marked Wollensak (M5) 6x30 binoculars issued as Australian Army property marked No2 Mk 11 binoculars and marked R.L.B.

My WWII US Army marked Wollensak 6x30 R.L.B. binoculars also marked as UK/ Commonwealth (type) No2 Mk II and with Australian military Broad Arrow/ D property markings presumably represent a US Army contract diverted to Australia. In May 1941 the US military contracted for 16,000 Wollensak 6x30 binoculars with U.S. property markings. But the March 1941 Lend Lease agreement had authorized transfer of US military equipment to the UK and Commonwealth. So in July 1941 58,000 Wollensak binoculars were then requisitioned for the UK/Commonwealth under Lend Lease. My Wollensak 6x30 U.S. marked and R.L.B. marked serial no. 2018 binoculars were part of those transferred by the U.S. to Australia, and were type re-designated as No 2MKII and Australian D  D property marked, and painted green for the Jan. 1943 Papua New Guinea campaign. (A quantity of U.S. Army marked and Australian and New Zealand marked Wollensak binoculars in black and green are known and documented, with R.L.B and F.J.A. inspection authorization). The earlier R.L.B. inspection mark is inspection under authority of U.S. Col. Ray L. Bowlen. Reference acknowledgement: Robin Leaech: Wollensak History-Binoculars & Optics

1934 Australian army Ordnance Services standing orders on property marks on Australian military equipment, of Defense department equipment property (D arrow D) and also of property obtained under the High Commissioner’s Office (arrow within D).

W.S.L.D.V. West Sussex Local Defence Volunteers marked Magnus 12x30 binoculars marked to commander Leslie Evershed-Martin of #5 company C platoon 1st battalion/Chichester Home Guard

The Chichester Home Guard was formed in the summer of 1940 as part of the West Sussex (UK)Local Defense Volunteers to counter a threatened German invasion, and emplaced 2 howitzers aimed at Thorney Island. My Magnus 12x30 private purchase binoculars and case are marked W.S.L.D.V. for W est S ussex D efense V olunteers and are engraved EVERSHED-MARTIN CHICHESTER for Leslie Evershed Martin (OBE, CBE), commander of 5 company C platoon 1st Batalion W.S.L.D.V. /Chichester Home Guard. Leslie Evershed Martin went on to become mayor of Chichester and founded the Chichester Festival Theater.

Credit: A to Z Chichester by Phillip MacDougall

Wollensak M5 6x30 Australian Army binoculars No. 2 Mk. II/ also  US Army marked.
Wollensak M5 6x30 jumellesmilitaires de l'armee Australienne No. 2 Mk. II
Wollensak M5 6x30 militarfernglas der australischen armee No.2 Mk. II
Wollensak M5 6x30 binocolo militaire dell'esercito australiano No.2 Mk. II.
Wollensak M5 6x30 Australische leger militara verrekijker No. 2 Mk. II.
Wollensak M5 6x30 Australisk arme militaere kikare No.2 Mk.II.
Wollensak M5 6x30 binoculares militares del ejercito Australiano No. 2 Mk.II.
Wollensak M5 6x30 prismaticos militares del ejercito Australiano No.2 Mk.II.
Wollensak M5 6x30 Australisk haer militaere kikkert No.2 Mk.II.
Wollensak M5 6x30 lornetka wojskowa armii Australijskiej. No. 2 Mk. II
Wollensak M5 6x30 Australsky armadni vojensky dalekohled No.2 Mk. II
Wollensak M5 6x30 den Australske haers militaerkikkert No.2 Mk. II
Wollensak M5 6x30 az Ausral hadsereg katonai tavcsovel No.2 Mk. II
Wollensak M5 6x30 Australian armeijan kiikarit No.2 Mk. II
Wollensak M5 6x30 Australijas armijas militarais binoklis No.2 Mk II
Wollensak M5 6x30 Australijos armijos kariniai kariniai ziuronai No.2 Mk. II